The Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung was founded in 1990, named after one of the most renowned socialist militants in the twentieth century. During her relatively short life (1871-1919), Rosa Luxemburg was a founding member of the German Communist Party, and she wrote various books and pamphlets that carry Internationalist and anti-militarization aspects, before being killed due to her participation in the German Revolution.

Since its launching, the Foundation works on analyzing social trends and global developments, and focuses its efforts on both supporting progressive political actors and formulating new social models based on democratic socialist principles. In fact, the RLS operates through 16 local branches inside Germany and 18 regional offices in various parts of the world.